IN the Western study of medieval Islamic history, the institution of iqta — land grants from the sovereign to his soldiers — once loomed large, because scholars searched for reasons behind the Muslim failure to develop feudalism, and with it the contractual relationships that eventually led to constitutional government. But looking for parallels between the West and Islam — especially the classical Islamic heartland from North Africa to Iran — has always been politically a sad endeavor, since the region seemed so resistant to the ideas and institutions that made representative government possible.
President George W. Bush’s decision to build democracy in Iraq seemed so lame to many people because it appeared, at best, to be another example of American idealism run amok — the forceful implantation of a complex Western idea into infertile authoritarian soil. But Mr. Bush, whose faith in self-government mirrors that of a frontiersman in Tocqueville’s “Democracy in America,” saw truths that more worldly men missed: the idea of democracy had become a potent force among Muslims, and authoritarianism had become the midwife to Islamic extremism.
- December 11, 2013 Nawaz Sharif standing in respect of the National Anthem at the Asian Parliamentary Assembly (APA)
- December 11, 2013 Nawaz Sharif on Tuesday stressed greater connectivity among the Asian countries for their mutual development and prosperity.
- December 11, 2013 Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif on Monday expressed deep concern over the continuing drone strikes by the United States in the country.
- December 11, 2013 Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif Thursday said a five-year auto industry policy was in the offing that would provide level playing field for all the auto manufacturers in the country.
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Pakistan Muslim league (N) USA